Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is the principal cause of premature death in the United Kingdom, United States, and many other Western Countries. Statistics published by the British Heart Foundation indicate that it is the primary cause of mortality listed in more than one in three death certificates (36%) in the United Kingdom. Similarly, historical information from the American Heart Association from 2004, concludes that over 79 million Americans have one or more forms of cardiovascular disease. The statistics are truly amazing – In the UK, around 227,000 people suffer a heart attack each year. Someone has a heart attack every two minutes, and in about 30% of heart attacks, the patients die. This represents over 68,000 deaths annually in the UK alone, or the equivalent of 1,300 Boeing 747 crashes with no survivors!
The term cardiovascular covers two distinct and separate aspects of the disease; coronary heart disease (which may lead to a heart attack or myocardial infarction) and stroke.
There are extensive clinical and statistical studies which indicate that there are certain factors which significantly increase the risk of coronary heart disease and heart attack. These are known as major risk factors.
There are two different types of major risk factors – those that can, and those that cannot be changed or ameliorated by lifestyle changes.
The major risks that cannot be altered or modified include aging, gender, and hereditary genetic disposition. Alternatively there are many major risk factors which can be treated or improved by various methods which the individual, in conjunction with their healthcare provider, can instigate. These risks include use of tobacco products, high blood cholesterol, lack of physical exercise, obesity, and high blood pressure. The remainder of this article will focus on treatment of the latter.
The dangers of high blood pressure (hypertension)
High blood pressure is often referred to as the “silent killer”, due to its lack of overtly obvious external symptoms. However it quietly carries out its stealth attack on the body’s vital organs damaging them for years before symptoms develop. Left undiagnosed and uncontrolled, it can cause disability, a poor quality of life or even death from a fatal heart attack. The management of high blood pressure is therefore a key defence in the battle against heart disease.
When the body absorbs too much salt through excessive intake, this can cause a deterioration in health through a variety of conditions, principally through raised blood pressure (hypertension), but also for example through kidney problems. Hyzaar is a drug that prevents fluid retention in the body’s tissues, which explain its colloquial designation as a “water pill”.
Information about Hyzaar Blood Pressure Medication
Hyzaar medication is a combination medication used for the treatment of high blood pressure. It consists of two separate drugs that are blended together. These are:-
Losartan belongs to a contemporary class of blood pressure medications that prevents the hormone angiotensin II from contracting the blood vessels. This in turn allows blood to flow more efficiently, which can assist with maintaining control over the patient’s blood pressure.
Hydrochlorothiazide is a diuretic that increases the elimination of urine, which has the overall effect of removing fluid from the body and as a result, the patient’s blood pressure is lowered.